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The Place:
The Cappadocian Region located in the center of the Anatolian Peninsula, with its valley, canyon, hills and unusual rock formation created as a result of the eroding rains and winds of thousands of years of the level, lava-covered plain located between the volcanic mountains Erciyes, Melendiz and Hasan as well as its troglodyte dwellings carved out of the rock and cities dug out into underground, presents an otherworldly appearance.
The eruptions of these mountains which were active volcanoes in geological times lasted until 2 million years ago. A soft tuff layer was formed, 150 m in thickness, by the issuing lavas in the valley surrounded by mountains. The rivers, flood water running down the hillsides of valleys and strong winds eroded the geological formations consisting of tuff on the plateau formed with tuff layers, thus creating bizarre shapes called fairy Chimneys. These take on the names of mushroom shaped, pinnacled, capped and conic shaped formations.
In the prehistoric periods the first human settlements have begun and the humans have constructed the underground cities in the volcanic rocks in form of tufa due to protect themselves from the wild animals and they lived for long times in these underground cities. Today most of these caves have been converted to modern hotels.

Get To:
By Air The fastest and most comfortable way of reaching Cappadocia is using the airway. There are two main airports that you can use to reach Cappadocia. One of them is Kayseri Erkilet Airport (ASR) located in Kayseri and nearly one hour driving to the center of Cappadocia region. Turkish Airlines operates several direct (nonstop) flights from Istanbul Atatürk Airport (IST) to Kayseri Erkilet Airport. There are also daily flights from Izmir into Kayseri via Istanbul. It's easy to arrange a transfer or shuttle bus from Kayseri Airport to Cappadocia.

By Road Most of the bus companies have bus services to Nevsehir and Göreme. By bus; Istanbul-12 hours, Ankara-5 hours, Bursa-11 hours, Izmir-12 hours, Konya -4 hours, Antalya - 9 hours.

What to Do
Moving around Cappadocia will set you back in times as you wander through the pigeon valley, a walk through the Zelve Open Air Museum or a visit to the pasabag’s fairy chimneys. If this is not enough, you can visit one of the two larger underground cities where in the prehistoric periods, the first human settlements had begun with the construction of the underground cities in the volcanic rocks in form of tufa due to protect themselves from the wild animals and raiders.

For a bit of excitement and adventure, do not omit the hot air balloon ride where you can see the deep canyons, valleys and fairy chimneys from the air

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After globe-trotting research, Index Travels has come to a decision on its favorite cities for 2012.
Enjoy exploring and if you get inspired, contact our Concierge for more details.
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